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Coping with Trauma. Data from Self-reports and Projective Technique

dataset
posted on 02.08.2021, 14:17 authored by Nataly RadchikovaNataly Radchikova, Maria OdintsovaMaria Odintsova
The data on young people trauma coping including self-reports (The Impact of Event Scale IES-R, Hobfoll's Strategic Approach to Coping Scale SACS, «The Type of Role Victimization» Questionnaire by Odintsova & Radchikova) and projective technique (The Draw-a-Person-in-the-Rain test) in English (“Coping with Trauma. Data from Self-reports and Projective Technique (Eng).xlsx”) and Russian (“Coping with Trauma. Data from Self-reports and Projective Technique (Rus).xlsx”) languages.

History

Research questions / Hypotheses

The fairy tale is an indicator allowing to diagnose styles and coping strategies specific to young people as well as contributing to the gentle and careful reduction of acute negative emotional experiences, encouraging the search for constructive ways to overcome them.

Participants / Sample description

Young people (N=43, 37 female, age range 17-20, median age = 18) with a traumatic life event in the past.

Apparatus and materials

The following tests were used: 1) The Impact of Event Scale (IES-R) [Weiss & Marmar (1997). The Impact of Event Scale-Revised. In J.P. Wilson, & T.M. Keane (Eds.), Assessing Psychological Trauma and PTSD: A Practitioner’s Handbook, pp. 399-411] in Russian adaptation 2) Hobfoll's Strategic Approach to Coping Scale (SACS) [Hobfoll et al. Gender and Coping: The Dual-Axis Model of Coping. American Journal of Community Psychology, 22(1), 1994, pp. 49–82. doi:10.1007/BF02506817] in Russian adaptation 3) «The Type of Role Victimization» Questionnaire [Odintsova & Radchikova (2012) Stages of «The Type of Role Victimization» Questionnaire Development // Yaroslavl Pedagogical Bulletin, no. 2(1), 309–314 (in Russ.)] 4) The Draw-a-Person-in-the-Rain test modified by Odintsova [Odintsova M.A. Fairytale therapy for adults. Methodical guidance on the use of projective techniques in fairy tale therapy // Moscow: Grifon, 2014, 144 p.]

Statistical methods

Cluster analysis (k-means method), Pearson chi-square test

Results

Young people are able to withstand the events associated with the trauma, using a fairly extensive arsenal of coping strategies. The fairy tale is an indicator allowing to diagnose styles and coping strategies specific to adolescents (young people) as well as contributing to the gentle and careful reduction of acute negative emotional experiences, encouraging the search for constructive ways to overcome them.

Affiliation

Nataly P. Radchikova, PhD in Psychology, Leading Researcher of Scientific and Practical Center for Comprehensive Support of Psychological Research PsyDATA, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia Maria A. Odintsova, PhD in Psychology, Professor, Department of Psychology and Pedagogy of Distance Learning, Head of the Department of Psychology and Pedagogy of Distance Learning, Faculty of Distance Learning, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia